Candelax

Plot 10.01, Jalan PKNK 1/3,
Kawasan Perindustrian Sungai Petani,
08000 Sungai Petani,
Kedah, Malaysia.
 +604-440 3936

Introduction


Mosquito-borne infections, diseases caused by pathogens transmitted by mosquitoes have long impacted human affairs.
 
Alexander the Great, conqueror of many nations, was vanquished by the bite of a tiny mosquito bearing malaria parasites in the marshes of what is now called Iraq. Vector-borne infections remain influential to this day, filling the hospitals of sub-Saharan Africa with malaria victims, suppressing the economies of nations and interrupting industrial operations where it remains endemic. Some less common agents cause blindness and horrible disfigurement. Together they form a fearsome array of potential threats to the health and livelihood of those who visit, work, or live in the tropics where they exert their greatest impact.
 
Candelax is working in emerging markets face a unique set of challenges. One such challenge is keeping human safe from life-threatening vector-borne diseases. 
 
Vector in General
Pathogens transmitted by mosquito is one of the most dangerous and unpredictable on earth. They are also the most difficult to prevent or control because they are so resilient to intervention and so deeply embedded in the ecologies and landscapes of the regions they infest. Vectors make all the difference in this equation because they exponentially increase the range and transmissibility of pathogens over those that would depend on transmission by direct human contact. Vectors help pathogens bridge the gap from a diverse array of host animals (mice, rats, monkeys, birds, prairie dogs, pigs, etc.) to humans.
 
Some harbour reservoirs of pathogens over periods less conducive to transmission (winters, dry seasons). Vectors are facilitators of many dangerous disease-causing organisms, the prevention and treatment of which cannot be effective for long without addressing the vector directly.  The defining characteristic of a vector-borne infection is its high transmissibility.  Directly transmitted infections like colds and influenza depend on one-to-one contact between people or contaminated surfaces.
 
Transmission of vector-borne infections is facilitated by multitudes of mobile, intelligent carriers who disperse from the source of an infection then home in like guided missiles on new victims. Vectors generally don’t become “ill” from carrying their various viral, protozoan and nematode infections.  They might accrue some damage to their tissues, but in some cases this “damage” actually makes them more likely to transmit and infect. 
 
A mosquito with problems in its feeding apparatus will need to take additional bites to complete a blood meal.  Vectors remain infected for their entire lives, which are longer than most people think.  A mosquito, for instance, doesn’t have a fixed lifespan. Many die within their first week of life, but some can persist almost indefinitely. They are limited by the damage that accumulates on their non-repairable wings and appendages and do not age as much as they wear out. Predation, desiccation and entrapment in water probably kill more mosquitoes than any other cause. West Nile vectors on the East Coast of the United States that emerge in August of one year can over winter and become active in May of the following year for a lifespan of at least nine months. 
 
Vectors shouldn’t be thought of as mere dumb vessels or flying hypodermic needles. It is helpful to think of them as tiny, well-programmed robots. They have a limited set of responses to particular stimuli. Their programming can be sophisticated. They can detect minute quantities of insecticides on the breeze and refuse to enter a home that has been released with Insecticandel.  Some like salt water.  Some never bite before midnight. Some are indoor feeders and others prefer to bite and feed outdoors.  This becomes troublesome when we realize that their programming is also diverse and adaptable. Because the programs of individual mosquitoes differ slightly from each other and only the best programs survive long enough to produce progeny, their programs are always getting better and adapting to changing conditions.
 
Mosquito-Borne Diseases
Mosquitoes cause more human suffering than any other organism -- over one million people worldwide die from mosquito-borne diseases every year. Not only can mosquitoes carry diseases that afflict humans, they also transmit several diseases and parasites that dogs and horses are very susceptible to. These include Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Dog Heartworm, Ross River Virus, Yellow Fever, Lymphatic Filariasis, Arboviral Encephalitis and others as below list.
 
Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes, by far the most important of the disease vectors, number over 3,000 species worldwide. Only the  female mosquito can transmit disease because only she, and not the male, has the knife-like mouthparts needed to extract blood from her victims. She needs the blood meal to provide protein for egg formation.
AKA: Mossies, Nippers, Skeeters
 

Active on Summer

Weather conditions can influence mosquito behavior. with the warmth and dampness of summer normally their peak season. For mosquitoes, wetter is better, so, heavy rains and also high tides can activate mosquito blooms. Since they're susceptible to drying out, most of them use up sunny days in shady or humid locations. There are about 2,700 species of mosquito worldwide and 176 species are in North America.
 
Most mosquito don't carry diseases but they spread diseases (called Vector). In Jan 13 2015, 47 states and the District of Columbia have reported West Nile Virus infections in people, birds or mosquito in 2014
 
Country that effect by Mosquitoes Diseases
 

1)      Atlanta

2)      Chicago

3)      Washington D.C

4)      Detroit

5)      Houston

6)      Raleigh-Durham

7)      Boston

8)      Dallas- Fort Worth

9)      Charlotte, N.C

10)   Nashville

 

Life Of Mosquito

 

                     

a) Egg- Females can lay eggs one at a time, or attach them together to form “rafts”. When inundated with water, the eggs will hatch into larvae within 48 hours

 

b) Larva- Larvae collect food to develop into pupae. How well they develop depends on nutrition and    temperature

 

c) Pupa- Larvae transform into adults. This is a non-feeding period (like a butterfly cocoon)

 

d) Adult- Females and males mate. The females go to feed on plant nectars for energy, obtain a blood meal to build up egg production. Then the cycle starts all over again. Males usually live a week, females generally live two to three weeks

 

Asian Tiger Mosquito

-Is an invading species

-Also called black-and-white-striped coloration

-A bizarre species that first appeared in the Continental US in 1985

-Aggressive biter and is active during the day

 

                                                                   

  How to avoiding Mosquitoes Bites

 

1)       Be careful with the scent that you’re giving off
2)      Mosquitoes are more attracted to both body odour and also to the deodorants and fragrances we wear
3)      Stay away from heavy floral scents
4)      Mosquitoes love lactic acid that many skin care product have. Some of product that we use for rejuvenating  purpose have alpha hydroxy acids in them.
5)      Some foods and drinks can make mosquito bite too
6)      People with beer in their bloodstream are risk to bitten by mosquito 

 

  

 
Diseases
ChikungunyaDengue                                                                       
Dirofilaria Immitis (Heartworm Disease)
Lymphatic Filariasis Malaria
Murray Valley Encephalitis
Rift Valley fever
Ross River Virus
Barmah Forest Virus
Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis
Yellow Fever
Arboviral Encephalitides :
(Mosquito-transmitted viral diseases causing brain inflammation/encephalitis):
Eastern equine encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis
La Crosse encephalitis
St. Louis encephalitis
West Nile virus
Western equine encephalitis

 
Prevent Mosquito Bites
  • Use insect repellent Insecticandel, or Insectilotion on exposed skin and or clothing.   Always follow the directions on the package. Wear long sleeves and pants when weather permits.
  • At home burn Insecticandel and have secure screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.
  • If camping sleeping under the stars, use Insecticandel Premium which can last up to 20 hours, they are effective all night. When outside the tent bring the Insecticandel together.
  • Travelers' advice to bring along Insecticandel to destinations where Mosquito-Borne Diseases might be a problem.
 

Mosquito-Proof with Insecticandel