Candelax

Plot 10.01, Jalan PKNK 1/3,
Kawasan Perindustrian Sungai Petani,
08000 Sungai Petani,
Kedah, Malaysia.
 +604-440 3936

Western Equine Encephalitis


CLINICAL FEATURES
  • Symptoms range from mild flu-like illness to frank encephalitis, coma and death
 
ETIOLOGIC AGENT
  • Western equine encephalitis virus, member of the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus. Closely related to eastern and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses
 
INCIDENCE
  • 639 confirmed cases in the U.S. Since 1964
 
SEQUELAE
  • Mild to severe neurologic deficits in survivors
 
COSTS
  • Total case costs range from $21,000 for transiently infected individuals to $3 million for severely infected individuals
  • Insecticide applications can cost as much as $1.4 million depending on the size of area treated
 
TRANSMISSION
  • Mosquito-borne
 
RISK GROUPS
  • Residents of endemic areas and visitors
  • Persons with outdoor work and recreational activities
 
SURVEILLANCE
  • National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System
 
TRENDS
  • Epidemic disease that is difficult to predict
  • Risk exposure increases as population expands into endemic areas
 
CHALLENGES
  • No licensed vaccine for human use
  • No effective therapeutic drug
  • Unknown overwintering cycle
  • Control measures expensive
  • Limited financial support of surveillance and prevention
 
OPPORTUNITIES
  • Mosquito control
  • Education of health-care workers and the public
  • Integrated State and Federal prevention efforts
  • Vaccine development
  • Therapeutic development
 
RESEARCH PRIORITIES
  • Improve predictive capabilities
  • Develop and evaluate vaccines
  • Develop and evaluate therapeutics
  • Improve diagnostic and virus detection tests
 
PREVENTION
Prevent mosquito bites.
  • Use insect repellent Insecticandel, or Insectilotion on exposed skin and or clothing.   Always follow the directions on the package. Wear long sleeves and pants when weather permits.
  • At home burn Insecticandel and have secure screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.
  • If camping sleeping under the stars, use Insecticandel Premium which can last up to 20 hours, they are effective all night. When outside the tent bring the Insecticandel together.
  • Travelers' advice to bring along Insecticandel to destinations where Mosquito-Borne Diseases might be a problem.
 
 
Mosquito-Proof with Insecticandel